While my work computer was taking its sweet time opening a program earlier this week I found my pen inching dangerously close to a tiny notepad, so a quick doodle happened. Shocking no one, it was orcas. I thought about using it as the basis for a watercolour experiment, as I got a set a few months ago and haven’t had the time to really play with it. I used my iPad to create a rough colour reference before redrawing it onto watercolour paper, getting my paints out, getting to work… and making a jolly good mess of it. Watercolours and I still have a long way to go, but I found that I really liked my digital colour reference so I continued working on it. I don’t do digital work very often, but it is fun now and then (especially as I could sit and watch Qi on Hulu while I coloured), especially for creating things that are a bit more stylised than my usual work.
On the 11th July 2009 I was out on a boat in Tor Bay, the waters of my hometown in lovely Devon, England. I was one of two environmental educators running the trip for the monthly kids’ club at the marine facility where I worked, and it was a gorgeous day to be out there. A pod of common dolphins had been spotted nearby, but we unfortunately missed them by minutes. We did see a pair of peregrine falcons, though, and lots of seabirds (especially gannets, my favourite!). But the thing that left this day firmly embedded in my memory? When we were slowly passing through a particularly beautiful area known as Elberry Cove, I finally – after years of wishing and hoping and wishing some more – caught sight of an unmistakable dark brown shape gliding alongside us, dorsal fin slicing through the surface. It was definitely, absolutely, awesomely, a basking shark!
Basking sharks are the second largest species of fish (after whale sharks) and one of the three plankton-eating species (along with whale sharks and megamouth sharks). They can be found in temperate seas around the world, but the southwest of England becomes a hotspot for them during the summer. 2014 was a particularly good year for sightings, and excellent news for this Vulnerable species. (I’d also like to add that their scientific name is one of my all-time favourites: Cetorhinus maximus. Just awesome.)
I was so excited to see this juvenile basking shark that when I turned to go to the other side of the boat to take photos I slammed into a metal step, stumbling badly and causing an impressive pain (and later a bruise) in my shin, but barely noticed – I was too busy hurdling over the row of seats for a better view. The reward for my stunt were these mostly blurry photos. It’s OK to be jealous.
Basking sharks have long been a subject I’ve wanted to paint, and when I set myself the task of doing a series of Devon wildlife paintings I knew I’d be doing one. I definitely want to paint one again, and hopefully I’ll get to see another in person sometime.
If YOU are ever lucky enough to see a basking shark anywhere in the world, please do report it! These sightings help to provide data that is critical in protecting them. If you spot one around the UK you can submit it to the Shark Trust; if you’re in the US, you can report it to NOAA or the New England Basking Shark Project.
It’s no secret that I’m a huge fan of cephalopods, so when a good friend of mine asked if I’d be interested in doing a commission for his octopus-loving fiancée I jumped at the opportunity and spent a good chunk of my December working on this 18 x 24 acrylic painting. I really wanted to focus on the beauty of this species and add in some of my favourite details, like their simply gorgeous eyes and the fascinating double row of suckers on the arms. Did you know they can have up to 250 of those suckers per arm and can control them all independently because each arm has its own control system? Yeah, they’re awesome.
One of my favourite things about being an artist is seeing my work in people’s hands. Knowing that this octopus is now in its happy home with an owner who loves it is immensely rewarding for me, and Cat was certainly happy with her surprise!
Work in progress gallery:
A sandbar shark was the first real shark I ever saw in person. I’ve always been drawn to their simple elegance: no distinctive markings or coloration, just an impressively large first dorsal fin to really make them stand out. But to me sandbar sharks are a classic among elasmobranchs for that perfect silhouette. If you ask someone to draw the outline of a shark, there’s a good chance it’ll look a lot like a sandbar. It’s a species classified as Vulnerable due to overfishing (both in target fisheries and as bycatch) and its numbers continue to decline. Sandbar sharks aren’t quite as well-represented in shark art as other species, so I did this 16 x 20 acrylic tribute and had some fun with it.
Sawfishes are amazing creatures, but did you know that the five species comprise the most threatened family of fishes on the planet? All five are listed as Endangered or Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List, a sad result of many decades of bycatch and targeted fishing for their distinctive rostrums combined with their low reproductive rate. Thankfully, there’s recent good news for these guys. Earlier in November, every species of sawfish was selected for inclusion on the Convention on Migratory Species (also known as the Bonn Convention). This means that under correct enforcement, sawfishes will be protected throughout their ranges. They already see some international protection through CITES, so hopefully we’ll be able to see their populations increasing. In the meantime, I felt like doing a few rough celebratory sketches. Gotta love those giant spiracles!
Highly recommended sawfish links:
I have always had a fascination with large, toothy animals. Dinosaurs were my first love, like so many other kids, and I never thought there was anything weird about it. I have a very clear memory of six-year-old-me exchanging toy dinosaurs with my best friend Glen on the playground. I had dinosaur figures, dinosaur books, drew dinosaurs on everything… I’m sure you can relate. But it wasn’t until I got older that I realised that my dinosaurs seemed to all be in a blue aisle in the toy section, flanked by Action Man and monster trucks. Dinosaurs, obviously, were For Boys. It didn’t stop me from loving them (and still hasn’t – for other dino-obsessed grown ups, I highly recommend My Beloved Brontosaurus). I’ve always preferred “boys’ stuff”, and it had never bothered me until recently. Growing up I’ve shrugged off the notion that girls’ stuff is pink, boys’ stuff is blue, girls like princesses and boys like spaceships, blah blah blah. I like dinosaurs, I like Star Wars, I like comics, and I’m an adult who can make her own decisions.
But it’s 2014, and last week I took my reusable Star Wars bag to the grocery store, and the male cashier took one look at it and said “Did you steal this from your son?” What. The. Hell. I blurted out a loud “No, it’s mine!” (Note: Dude, I don’t even have kids. Rude!) It was not the first (or even thirtieth) time I’ve had a comment like that, but it’s no less hurtful: I was angry that I was challenged by another adult for liking a thing that I like, because my gender dictated that I Wasn’t Supposed To Like It. I hate that it happens to me as a grown woman, but I can handle it. I’m used to it. But how do those kinds of comments affect little girls? It’s 2014, and the toy aisles are still split into Pink Stuff and Blue Stuff.
This brings me to sharks. You’d think animals would be gender-neutral interests, right? Do me a favour: Next time you’re in the children’s section of a store, go and find the shark stuff. T-shirts, toys, whatever. Was it in the girls’ section? Or was it nestled in between the Avengers and R2-D2?* (Case in point: How many of these [frankly awesome] shark products look directed at young girls?)
The simple response to this would be “Well, nothing stops girls from buying this stuff.” That’s very true, but it’s not my point. My point is that the placement and promotion of these kinds of things, and the resulting absence of sharks and dinosaurs where girls can comfortably find them, perpetuates this idea that these things are Not For Them. And what does that do? Every little girl disappointed that the shark t-shirt doesn’t come in her size is a potential future shark biologist discouraged. Science is a Boy Thing, right?
Instead of sitting and complaining about it on the internet, I decided to use my art to do what little I can to encourage young girls to be proud of their love for sharks. Whether or not she becomes a marine biologist, no girl should be made to feel like she shouldn’t like the things she likes. I was also inspired by my recent viewing of Mission Blue, an excellent Netflix documentary about the wonderful Dr. Sylvia Earle, and by Dr. Eugenie Clark and other prominent women in marine science (Women Exploring the Oceans is brilliant!). These women have gone on to do amazing things for the ocean, and every little girl deserves the chance to follow in their footsteps.
I drew three popular species to feature on a design that could go on t-shirts or prints: the blue shark (a personal favourite of mine since I can remember), a smooth hammerhead, and of course a great white (hey, kids love great whites!). My hope is that even the existence of this shirt lets at least one little girl out there to feel justified in her passion for these awesome animals.
If you know a little girl who loves sharks, you can also encourage her to join the Gills Club and learn how to become a shark scientist!
*Please don’t get me wrong: I’m a proud nerd and I feel the same about the marketing of superheroes and science fiction almost exclusively to boys. But there’s hope in places like Her Universe!
This 11 x 14 acrylic painting was the result of two sessions. TWO! I’m astonished at myself. Usually my work gets dragged out for weeks because of work and other commitments that prevent me from holing myself up and painting from dawn to dusk. I had an advantage with this one though – one, it’s not as detailed as some of my more recent pieces, and two, I’ve had it planned for ages. When I went home to England earlier this year I found a lot of old sketchbooks, and within one of them was this pencil sketch. I’d wanted to paint it years ago but ended up crossing the Atlantic instead, and it was long forgotten until my recent trip. As soon as I saw it I decided I wanted to paint it for real, so I snapped a quick photo of the sketch for me to work on when I returned to my studio.
… and promptly forgot about it. Again. At some point I had even planned out my colours (which ended up differing a bit in the final version) and tones using Procreate on my iPad – something I often do when planning a painting. While browsing my files in Procreate last week I rediscovered it again, so I just went for it and tried not to sweat the small stuff. So here it is! A fun little painting that allowed me to prove to myself that I can finish things more quickly if I really try… or remember to do it in the first place.
Orcas have been my favourite animal on the planet since 1994. There are so many things I find utterly captivating about them, but one of my very favourite things is the uniqueness of each population of orcas around the world. To name just a few… in the Pacific Northwest you’ll find residents, who only eat fish, and transients, who only eat other marine mammals. In New Zealand you’ll find the expert stingray hunters. In Argentina you’ll see the ones that beach themselves to catch seals. And in Antarctica you’ll find the wave washers – orcas that have learnt how to use teamwork to create waves that wash seals off ice floes. Not only are each of these behaviours specific to these geographically distinct groups of whales, but their genes are too. The differences in social structures, feeding, and habitat preferences between the world’s orcas are so distinct, having not interbred for hundreds of thousands of years, that many believe they should be separated into different species. They don’t just act different – they look different, too.
NOAA and natural history illustrator Uko Gorter released a brilliant poster showcasing these different ecotypes and the variations in their shape, size and markings. The wave-washing orcas of the Antarctic (whose incredible behaviour you can see here, though sadly not narrated by David Attenborough) are known as type B, and they’ve fascinated me for a long time. The diatoms in their chilly native waters cause the normally white areas of their body to appear yellow, and their dark skin looks grey or even brown and are often dotted with rake marks and other scars. There’s even a pale line that sweeps from the tops of their eye patches (which are huge, by the way) to the edge of their saddle patches. They’re just weirdly beautiful creatures and I’ve been dying to paint one for ages, so while warming up the other day on a 14 x 11 inch canvas I ended up with a composition that’s been on my mind for a while: a type B orca sinking back into the strikingly blue Antarctic water post-spyhop. Maybe he found a seal.
Some in-progress peeks:
Over the last three years I’ve had the opportunity to watch a young loggerhead sea turtle grow. I was there the morning he (or possibly she!) was added to the exhibit, the smallest sea turtle I’ve seen in person. Back in 2012 I finished a painting of Murphy, another loggerhead sea turtle I knew who spent some of his life in human care before being reintroduced to the ocean, and I wanted to do the same for T.J. This little guy, also rescued as a hatchling on Jekyll Island, has become quite special to those of us that have met him and watched him develop over these last few years.
If you weren’t already aware, the largest fish in the world is SO awesome that it gets its very own day of recognition! International Whale Shark Day was declared in 2008 after the 2nd International Whale Shark Conference and is celebrated on August 30th each year. You know by now that whale sharks hold a special place in my heart. Last year I helped create some educational activities for Georgia Aquarium (check out this year’s event taking place on Saturday), and this year I wanted to share the whale shark love with all of you!
I noticed that the most popular post on my blog, and the most frequent search result that lands people here, is my colouring page that I created for Sea Otter Awareness Week in 2012. I’m so thrilled that people enjoy it so much, and excited to move forward with my plan of creating a full marine life colouring book in the coming months. Anything I can do to help kids get interested in marine life (and art)!
With that said, I created this colouring sheet for you to download, print and share with the children in your life (there is also no shame in colouring it yourself) in celebration of Whale Shark Day 2014! I’m offering this for free, and all I ask is that you do not use my artwork for any other purposes, remove my website link or claim it as your own. If you would like to host this on your website, please just let me know (jenrichardsart [at] gmail)! Thank you!PDF link for easy download
The image features a feeding whale shark (feel free to add your own plankton/krill/fish eggs) as well as a school of juvenile golden trevally and a yellowfin tuna.
I really enjoyed working on my recent “Sharks!” piece, which allowed me to highlight a bunch of lesser-known species. I enjoyed it so much, in fact, that I want to keep doing these! As a cetacean nerd they were my obvious next choice, although I reduced the number of featured species and eventually decided to focus on just odontocetes, or toothed whales, for now. (I originally started this one with some mysticetes as well, but because I wanted to illustrate relative size differences, the proportions just wouldn’t work. Mysticetes shall get their own one!) My idea with these is to showcase the diversity of shape. When it comes to toothed whales, especially as you get into the families, there are a lot of very similar shapes that didn’t provide a silhouette distinct enough among the other species I chose – hence the smaller number on here. I also made a conscious decision to leave off the members of Physeteroidea, whose common names may not be appropriate to spread across a t-shirt. Know that they are wonderful animals, though!
The species featured here:
Bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus
Beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas
Commerson’s dolphin Cephalorhynchus commersonii
Harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena
Long-snouted spinner dolphin Stenella longirostris
Amazon river dolphin Inia geoffrensis
Orca Orcinus orca
Dall’s porpoise Phocoenoides dalli
Narwhal Monodon monoceros
Southern right whale dolphin (most confusing name ever?) Lissodelphis peronii
Long-finned pilot whale Globicephala melas
Cuvier’s beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris
Like the shark version, this is available as a print as well as on t-shirts, mugs, and phone cases!
Anyone that’s heard me go on about sharks (which I actually do for a living, so… quite a few people) will know that despite my love for everything from the largest (that’ll be the lovely Rhincodon typus) to the cutest (I’ll argue for that role going to zebra sharks), I have a very severe weakness for wobbegongs.
I. Love. Wobbegongs.
I don’t even know what it is about them. I often joke that they’re my kindred spirits, or myself in shark form, or that I must have been one in a past life. Who wouldn’t want to spend most of the day lying around on the sea floor until food swims close enough to your mouth, am I right? Thing is, I’m not even an inactive person. I think I just like the idea of being a wobbegong. They’re such an underestimated family of sharks, and physically one of the least “sharky”-looking, so I love pointing them out to people as an example of elasmobranch diversity. There are twelve species and they’re all equally Muppetesque (for those wondering, I’ve always thought Uncle Deadly was the most wobbegongesque.) They’re mostly found around Australia and Indonesia, although there’s also the Japanese wobbegong. Mostly nocturnal, you’re more likely to see a wobbegong draped over something rather than actively swimming, which they do like an area rug come to life. You shouldn’t underestimate those jaws, though. Whoa.
My original intention was to celebrate wobbegongs all week as a sort of anti-Discovery’s Shark Week. I’m really not a fan of the “event” and I especially dislike the focus on the few super popular species, but I also wanted to do something other than complain about the programming all week. I wanted to be positive about spreading the love of the lesser knowns, like wobbegongs! But of course August is always an insane month for me so I’ve only managed to do a couple of things. Here is one of those things though! Just a small cartoony expression of my love:One of my absolute favourite things about wobbegongs is their habit of throwing themselves down anywhere like a slightly toothier cat. I like this so much, in fact, that I rewrote Eleanor Farjeon’s famous poem “Cats Sleep Anywhere”:
Next year I’ll be sure to time things right in order to have a proper Wobbegong Week, but remember: sharks are amazing all year round, not just for this one time in the summer. And let’s not forget the flat sharks – how about we arrange for a Ray Week sometime?
I really wanted to post new shark art all week, but I haven’t had much time to produce any! I did manage to get this piece done, though – it’s a stylised celebration of shark diversity. While I couldn’t even begin to represent all 400-odd species, I did want to highlight a few personal favourites as well as those with particularly unusual or striking morphology. Not all sharks are white sharks (even though I did include one – their silhouette is just lovely)!
The featured species are…
• Oceanic whitetip shark Carcharhinus longimanus
• Dwarf lanternshark Etmopterus perryi
• White shark Carcharodon carcharias
• Whale shark Rhincodon typus
• Spotted wobbegong Orectolobus maculatus
• Sand tiger shark Carcharias taurus
• Sandbar shark Carcharhinus plumbeus
• Atlantic sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon terraenovae
• Scalloped hammerhead shark Sphyrna lewini
• Bigeye thresher shark Alopias superciliosus
• Longnose sawshark Pristiophorus cirratus
• Epaulette shark Hemiscyllium ocellatum
• Basking shark Cetorhinus maximus
• Zebra shark Stegostoma fasciatum
• Blue shark Prionace glauca
This is available as a print, mug, and phone case/skin! Hope you like it as much as I had fun drawing it. Look for more shark art from me in the coming days!